Speakers

September 23 - 24, 2013
NEW YORK CITY
#ClimateAwards

"Future-Proofing Cities, Communities & Campuses


with District Energy"

Dennis Fotinos, CEO, Enwave Energy

President and CEO of Enwave Energy Corporation; initiated and executed the corporate reorganization that established the present day company in 2000; developed Enwave’s signature Deep Lake Water Cooling project. BA in International Relations from the University of Toronto and an MBA from the Kellogg School of Management and Schulich School of Business. Served as an elected member of regional and local governments in the City of Toronto from 1991 to 1999. Served on several professional and charitable organizations including the National Ballet of Canada, the Ontario Lung Association and the Children’s Aid Society. Active member of the International District Energy Association, having served on the Executive Committee and Board of Directors for five years and Chairman during the IDEA’s Centennial year.

Michael King, Energy Specialist + Author

Michael King is a UK-based district energy specialist. He was a founding director and long-term chairman of Aberdeen Heat & Power Co, a not-for-profit organization developing and operating district energy systems in the city of Aberdeen, North East Scotland. He works with a wide range of municipalities and agencies providing guidance and advice on the development of district energy projects and has been retained as a specialist advisor on many government-backed support and capital investment programs. He recently worked with the Building Research Establishment on a research project to identify the barriers to the development of district heating in the UK resulting in a report published by the Department of Energy & Climate Change. Michael authored “Community Energy: planning development & delivery,” published by CHPA in the UK and IDEA in the USA, to provide guidance to developers of district energy projects. Presently he is collaborating with the University of Edinburgh on a major study on the development of district energy in towns and cities throughout the UK and is co-convener of the District Energy Vanguards Network of municipalities with them.

Birger Lauersen, Manager International Affairs, Danske Fjernvarme

Birger Lauersen has been with the Danish District Heating Association since 1994, dealing with energy taxation, regulation, heat purchase contracts and a host of other matters. From 1998, his work has focused primarily on international affairs. Mr. Lauersen has been a board member of the European district heating organization, Euroheat & Power, since 1998 and chairman of its Energy Policy Group from 2002 to 2010. In 2008, he was elected vice-president of Euroheat & Power, and served as president in 2010.

Saumil Shukla, Vice President, Steam Operations, Con Edison 

Saumil was appointed Vice President of Steam Operations at Con Edison on October 1, 2007. She joined Con Edison as an Assistant Engineer in 1981 and since then has held various management positions of increasing responsibility in the company, including Plant Manager at the Hudson Avenue generating station, General Manager of Telecom Applications Management, Director for Electric Operations Emergency Management, and the General Manager of Steam Distribution. She graduated from the City College of New York in 1981 with a Bachelor of Engineering degree in Mechanical Engineering and received a Master of Science in Industrial Engineering in 1987 from the Polytechnic Institute of New York. She is the second woman ever to run a generating station for Con Edison.

Samumil Shukla, Vice-President Steam Operations, Con Edison

Saumil was appointed Vice President of Steam Operations at Con Edison on October 1, 2007. She joined Con Edison as an Assistant Engineer in 1981 and since then has held various management positions of increasing responsibility in the Company, including Plant Manager at the Hudson Avenue generating station, General Manager of Telecom Applications Management, Director for Electric Operations Emergency Management, and the General Manager of Steam Distribution. She graduated from the City College of New York in 1981 with a Bachelor of Engineering degree in Mechanical Engineering and received a Master of Science in Industrial Engineering in 1987 from the Polytechnic Institute of New York. She is the second woman ever to run a generating station for Con Edison.

Bengt Ostling, Unit Manager, Falu Energy + Water 

Marko Riipinen, Director, District Heating + Cooling, Helsinki Energy 

Jim Riley, Executive Director for Utilities and Energy Services, Texas A&M University

Jim is Executive Director for Utilities & Energy Services at Texas A&M University. Jim has worked in utilities, energy and facilities management throughout his career, including 20 years in both public and private higher education. He also spent 12 years as the owner/manager of a contracting company. Under Jim's leadership, TAMU has significantly improved levels of service while reducing overall energy consumption by over 40 percent per gross square foot served. The TAMU UES Department provides comprehensive utility and demand-side energy services to over 24 million GSF of building space and 5,000 acres of land, operating 50 MW of power generation, 52,000 tons of central chiller capacity, 450,000 lbs per hour of steam generation capacity, in addition to one of the world’s largest building automation systems. Jim earned his Bachelor’s Degree in Engineering from Texas A&M University. He is an Educational Facilities Professional and a Certified Energy Manager.

"District Energy - Local, Resilient 

and Sustainable Energy Infrastructure"

Jeff Perry, Chief Development Officer, Veolia Energy NA

Jeff Perry was named Chief Development Officer of Veolia Energy North America in March 2011. In this capacity, Mr. Perry is responsible for the company's business development, marketing, and external affairs within the U.S. market. Before joining Veolia Energy, Mr. Perry spent 12 years at GenOn Energy (formerly Mirant Corporation), where he served as a corporate Vice President, and as the President of the company's New York and New England asset-owning companies, which owned more than 2,600 megawatts of electric generating capacity. Mr. Perry began his career with Commonwealth Electric Company (now NSTAR Electric), where he spent 14 years. While at the company, he lead their Electric Supply Administration department. In this capacity, Mr. Perry was responsible for the company's wholesale power supply procurement, wholesale electricity supply portfolio management, and short and intermediate-term bulk power trading and marketing functions. In addition, Mr. Perry testified and sponsored exhibits for various regulatory proceedings pertaining to power supply issues. Mr. Perry also represented the company on various New England Power Pool committees and task forces, including the Executive Committee. Mr. Perry has served as Chairman of the Competitive Power Coalition, and was a Board Member of the Independent Power Producers of New York, the New England Power Generators Association, and the Northeast Energy and Commerce Association. Mr. Perry is also a member of the Massachusetts Bar and of the Federal Energy Bar Association. Mr. Perry earned a Bachelor's Degree at Boston University, and a Juris Doctor Degree at the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth School of Law.

Clay Nesler, Vice-President Global Energy + Sustainability, Johnson Controls Inc.

Mechanical engineer Clay Nesler has worked for Johnson Controls for more than 30 years and is the company's vice president for global energy and sustainability. A co-inventor on 10 patents, Nesler is now responsible for energy and sustainability strategy, policy, and innovation, and the Johnson Controls Institute for Building Efficiency.

Ken Smith, CEO, District Energy St. Paul

Kenneth W. Smith was named President and CEO of District Energy St. Paul in August 2010.  He also serves as the president and CEO of affiliate Ever-Green Energy. Prior to joining District Energy in 2006, Ken worked for over 20 years consulting, designing, and implementing energy projects globally for a variety of industries.  He is a regular contributor to conferences, studies, legislative initiatives and task forces and a frequent speaker nationally and internationally on energy trends, renewable energy, energy conservation and integrated energy systems.  Ken serves on the Board of Directors and Executive Committee of the International District Energy Association.  Ken has a M.B.A. from the University of St. Thomas and a B.S. in Electrical Engineering from North Dakota State University. He is a registered Professional Engineer in several states and a member of several professional organizations.

Ulrika Jardfeldt, CEO, Swedish District Heating Association

For the past three years, Ulrika has been the Managing Director of the Swedish District Heating Association. Prior, she spent four years working for the government on energy and climate policies, and was a Swedish delegate for climate negotiations at the IPCC conferences. Ulrika Jardfeldt holds a Master of Science in Aquatic and Environmental Engineering.

Jan Rooijakkers, Managing Director, Twence

Jan Rooijakkers is the special advisor to the CEO at Twence (Hengelo – the Netherlands), o.a.  with responsibility for external representation of the company. Until April of 2012 he was the successful CEO of Twence, for a period of 12 years. Twence is a Waste processing and energy company with a range of modern facilities, treating some 900.000 MT of waste per year, including modern Waste to Energy and bio-energy plants. After structuring the Business development activities of Twence, to prepare for future developments, he started this new advisory function as per Jan 1st 2013. Apart from special consulting assignments for Twence, this includes a board position at the Dutch Waste Association (VA) and the chairmanship of the Waste to Energy department of the VA in the Netherlands. He is also on the board of the foundation to promote Heat (and cold) Networks, and the Dutch employers association (VNO-NCW) in the region. Prior to joining Twence, Jan Rooijakkers worked as Managing Director at several companies, including a Plastics recycling Company and some 12 years in several senior management positions in the international Wavin group (plastic pipe systems). He received  an engineering degree (Diplom Ingenieur) and several further trainings, o.a. at IMD in Lausanne, Switzerland and lately at the Erasmus University in Rotterdam, the Netherlands (Corporate governance). Apart from these waste-to-energy industy positions, Jan Rooijakkers is represented in the supervisory board of a large internationally operating Agro-cooperative (Agrifirm) and a Dutch consulting company.

"Microgrids and Superstorm Sandy:

A Blueprint for More Resilient Cities"

Jim Adams, Director of Utilities, Cornell University

Jim Adams has been the Director of Utilities at Cornell University since 2000 and has worked at Cornell since 1989. In this role he directs the production and distribution of steam, chilled water, electricity and potable water to campus buildings, totaling 14 million square feet. Cornell operates a nominal 30 mw gas turbine powered combined heat and power system which connects to the electric grid via a Cornell owned 115,000 volt substation. He also manages other on-site generation including a small hydroelectric plant and a steam cogeneration system. Jim’s area of responsibility also includes the operation of Cornell’s innovate Lake Source Cooling facility, a deep water based system that cools the entire campus. Before coming to Cornell, Jim worked for 9 years in the electric generation industry for New York State Electric and Gas Corporation providing engineering and management of power plant improvement projects. Jim is a licensed Professional Engineer in New York and holds a BSME from Syracuse University and a BS in Forest Engineering for the New Your State College of Environmental Science and Forestry. Jim currently serves on the boards of the International District Energy Association and the New York Multiple Interveners.  

Brian Reardon, Plant Manager, Riverbay Corporation Co-Op City

Brian Reardon is the Power Plant Director at Co-op City, the nation’s largest cooperative community development, home to about 60,000 people who occupy 15,372 res­idential units in 35 high-rise build­ings and seven townhouse clusters on a 340-acre complex. The Power Plant is responsible for operating the central plant safely and efficiently while providing heat, hot water, air conditioning and electrical distribution to all buildings. The department maintains and repairs all power plant equipment, building pump room equipment, high voltage electrical distribution and garage lighting.

Tom Nyquist, Executive Director, Facilities Engineering, Princeton University

Tom is Executive Director of Facilities Engineering and Campus Energy for Princeton University, where he is responsible for HVAC, electrical distribution, utility plant capacity additions, underground utilities and energy conservation. Previously, Tom worked for a large consulting engineering firm that designed building MEP systems for all building types ranging from laboratories to data centers and corporate headquarters. Prior to that position, he worked for United Technologies designing fuel cell power plants. Tom holds a Bachelor of Science degree in mechanical engineering from Penn State and a MSME from University of Connecticut. He is a LEED Accredited Professional and a Registered Professional Engineer in NJ.

Alec Hay, Resilience & Security Planning Leader, DIALOG

Alec Hay is the Resilience and Security Planning practice leader at DIALOG, an integrated multi-disciplinary architecture, engineering and planning design consultancy. Prior to joining DIALOG, he served 25 years in the British Royal Engineers where he specialized in fortifications and infrastructure development. He practiced variously around the World both as client and consultant with notable responsibilities as the lead military campaign estate designer in Northern Ireland, NATO's infrastructure development planner and force protection engineer for the estate in Afghanistan, and as the technical authority for UK military works in Afghanistan and Iraq. An adjunct professor at the University of Toronto, Fellow and professional competency reviewer for the Institution of Civil Engineers and International Secretary of the Register of Security Engineers and Specialists, Alec is a recognized thought leader in Infrastructure Resilience Planning practice and is currently researching resilient communities and the optimum balance between protection and resilience investment for infrastructure. He lives and practices in Toronto, Canada.

Jim Hastings, Project Manager, NYSERDA

Associate Project Manager, NYSERDA (Nov 2010 - present)

- Energy Efficiency Services, Combined Heat and Power, Industrial and Process Efficiencies

Environmental Manager, AES

- Environmental Regulatory Compliance, NYSDEC and Federal Regulation, Air Water and Waste

Air Quality Bureau Manager, State of New Mexico

- Regulatory Compliance and Enforcement, NM State Regulations and Federal (NSPS, NESHAP, MACT)

Keynote Address - "100 Resilient Cities Challenge"

Dr. Nancy Kete, Managing Director, The Rockefeller Foundation

Nancy Kete joined the Rockefeller Foundation in January 2012. As Managing Director, Dr. Kete leads the foundation’s global work on resilience including developing strategies and practice for infusing resilience thinking throughout the foundation’s work.

During her 25 year career in government, civil society, and private sector, Dr. Kete brought technical, institutional, and managerial leadership to bear on a number of major environment and societal challenges. She has been a diplomat, a climate change negotiator, a social entrepreneur, and a highly successful fund-raiser.

Before joining the Foundation, Dr. Kete spent thirteen years at the World Resources Institute (WRI), first as Director of the Climate, Energy, and Pollution Program and then as founder and Director of EMBARQ, a distinguished program that catalyzed environmentally sustainable transport solutions to improve quality of life in cities in Mexico, Brazil, India, Turkey and the Andean region.

She also served on President Obama’s National Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drilling. In her role as Senior Advisor on Corporate Safety and Risk Management, Dr. Kete provided recommendations on unilateral steps the industry should take to improve safety above and beyond what the regulations would require.

Earlier in her career, Dr. Kete worked for the US Environmental Protection Agency where she led the development of the acid rain control title of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments, the first and as yet most successful application of market instruments for pollution control.

Dr. Kete holds a PhD in Geography and Environmental Engineering from Johns Hopkins University and a bachelor’s in Geography from Southern Illinois University.

"Enlightened Policies to Drive Innovation

Frédéric Hug, President, Euroheat & Power

Frédéric Hug was elected President of Euroheat & Power (EHP) – the European Association of District Heating and Cooling in April 2012. He previously served as vice president since June 2010. In 1988, after 9 years with Exxon’s French subsidiary, he joined Elyo (now Cofely, part of GDF SUEZ Energy Services), a French leading energy efficiency services company. He acted successfully as Energy Supply Department Manager, Energy Division Manager, and head of the Research & Development Department. He is now serving as Environment and Energy Efficiency Director at GDF SUEZ Energy Services, whose responsibilities include Sustainable Development. Frédéric Hug chairs the MEDEF (French Business organization) Energy Efficiency workgroup and sits on the board of several French and European professional organizations.  

Dr. Vignesh Gowrishankar, Staff Scientist, Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC)

Vignesh advocates on sustainable energy issues at NRDC. His focus is on federal and state policies, programs and mechanisms to promote greater industrial energy efficiency, more sustainable energy practices and increased renewable energy deployment across the US (and also globally). Prior to joining NRDC, he was in Melbourne for 18 months as a policy adviser on climate change related issues to the Premier of the Australian State of Victoria.

Katrina Pielli, Senior Policy Advisor, US Department of Energy, EERE

Katrina Pielli is a Senior Policy Advisor to the US Department of Energy’s Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency, as well as the DOE’s Advanced Manufacturing Office’s Technical Assistance Acting Supervisor. Katrina provides strategic input into the energy efficiency program direction, focused on state, utility and industrial policy, as well as oversees the $17.5M industrial technical assistance activities, including: Better Plants Challenge & Program; Superior Energy Performance; Industrial Assessment Centers; and the Combined Heat and Power deployment activities. Katrina was awarded the 2010 Silver Medal for Superior Service from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for “exemplary performance in advancing the development of historic legislation in support of the President’s and EPA’s clean energy and climate protection goals.” She was also awarded the 2009 CHP Champion by the US Combined Heat and Power Association in “recognition of her outstanding leadership toward greater national use of clean, efficient, and reliable combined heat and power.”

David Yeh, Senior Advisor, Loans Program Office, US Department of Energy

David Yeh is a Senior Advisor at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). He aids the Department’s initiatives in energy finance, principally helping managing the $35 billion loan programs office which supports many of the largest and most innovative projects in renewable energy and advanced transportation as well as in nuclear power, advanced fossil energy, and energy efficiency. He also helps drive the Department’s efforts in innovative energy finance such as energy microfinance, opening the capital markets to renewable energy (e.g. MLPs, REITs, solar bonds), and public-private infrastructure banking initiatives. Before the DOE, David was a private cleantech and technology investor who has been investing for the last 12 years in the EU, China, and USA. He was the first hire for Generation IM’s (Al Gore cofounded fund) private equity effort where he helped launch the $683mm Climate Solutions fund. David has also helped create a $2bn energy efficiency lending program for the World Bank in China. David started his career at an environmental NGO where he helped build the bipartisan Headwaters Coalition that protected 44,000 acres of redwoods. David has sat on the boards of several growth technology companies. David has spoken on innovation, entrepreneurship, cleantech and sustainable development at the World Economic Forum and Council of Foreign Relations, and has been cited by the Wall Street Journal. David holds a BA from Dartmouth College and an MBA from the Wharton School of Business.

 Mark Spurr, Legislative Director, IDEA

Mark is President of FVB Energy. He has decades of experience in district energy and combined heat and power (CHP), advising utilities, municipalities and universities regarding strategic planning, district energy system design, economic analysis, marketing, rate structure development and regulatory issues. Since 1990 Mark has also served as Legislative Director of the International District Energy Association, where he is responsible for developing and advocating policies, legislation and regulatory reform to encourage the expansion of district energy systems. Mark also serves on the Executive Committee of the International Energy Agency Implementing Agreement on District Heating and Cooling including Integration of CHP. Mark manages FVB’s U.S. and Middle East operations as well as providing and directing consulting services. Mark holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in Environmental Studies from Macalester College, with graduate studies at the School of Public Affairs at the University of Minnesota.

Public+Private Partnerships - Perspectives on Moving the Needle

Councillor Barney Crockett, Aberdeen City Council, Scotland

Councillor Crockett represents constituents in Dyce, Bucksburn and Danestone. He was born in Aberdeen and educated at Aberdeen Academy, Aberdeen University, Liverpool University and the Open University. He gained an MA (Hons), MA (Postgrad), Diploma in Race and Community Relations. His special interests are Education, Equality, Migration and Economic Development. He was previously the Chief Executive of Grampian Racial Equality Council, Scotland's housing association Ombudsman and a secondary school headteacher. He has also worked off-shore and in the chemical industry. He is married to Shona and has two children at university as well as two sons from a previous marriage. He was a governor of Robert Gordon University, vice-chair of Langstane Housing Association, a board member of Scottish Enterprise Grampian as well as holding many other voluntary positions. He is currently on the board of Aberdeen Exhibition and Conference Centre. His interests include reading and coaching rugby.

Jerry Pittman, Vice President, Business Development, NRG Energy 

Jerry Pittman is the Vice-President of business development for NRG Thermal. Pittman is responsible for growing NRG's district heating and district cooling operations across the United States. He is based at NRG's IDS Center office in Minneapolis.

Bruce Ander, President & CEO, Markham District Energy 

Bradford Swing, Director Energy Policy and Programs, City of Boston

Bradford Swing serves as Director of Energy Policy and Programs for the City of Boston.  Brad advises the Mayor and the Chief of Environment and Energy on all local, state, and federal energy policy issues and coordinates municipal energy efficiency work.  Brad represents Massachusetts cities and towns on the statewide Energy Efficiency Advisory Council. 

Brad initiated the EcoDistrict Energy Fellowship, a two year position that started September 2013 at the Boston Redevelopment Authority.  He initiated and now directs Renew Boston, a City-catalyzed service that coordinates local utilities, job training programs, and for-profit and non-profit partners to save energy and create jobs.  Brad administered the City’s $6.5 million federal Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant, and initiated Renew Boston Solar and the Green Affordable Housing Program.  Brad supported the development of the City’s first green building, and initiated the Mayor’s Green Building Task Force that resulted in the adoption of first-in-the-nation private development green building zoning. 

Symposium on District Energy/CHP

Robin Wiltshire, Associate Director, Building Research Establishment; Chair, IEA Implementing Agreement on District Heating & Cooling

Robin Wiltshire is the associate director at the United Kingdoms' Building Research Establishment (BRE). He is an Executive Committee Member of the International Energy Agency (IEA) and serves as the Chairman of the IEA Implementing Agreement on District Heating and Cooling.

Raymond DuBose, Assistant VP Facilities (retired), UNC Chapel Hill

Ray DuBose was the Director for Energy Services at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. He has recently retired from the University’s Energy Services Department after 37 years of service in district energy and utility systems. Energy Services has the responsibility for thermal and electric utilities, central energy plants, water, wastewater, stormwater, reclaim water and renewables on the University campus. He was a founding member of the Higher Education Committee of ACORE. He has been an active member of the International District Energy Association (IDEA) for the past 25 years. He served as a Director on the IDEA Board for ten years including terms as Chair and Vice Chair. He was a founding member of the UNC Chapel Hill Sustainability Coalition and served as a member of the UNC Chapel Hill Sustainability Advisory Committee. He is a mechanical engineering graduate of the University of Tennessee and has been a Registered Professional Engineer in North Carolina since 1977.

Juan Ontiveros, Executive Director of Utilities and Energy Management, University of Texas Austin

Juan is Executive Director of Utilities and Energy Management at UT Austin, where he has been employed for the last 16 years. Juan has been involved in the design, construction, maintenance engineering, project management, and plant operations for over thirty-eight years. His focus in the last 30 years has been in facility maintenance, plant operations, utility master planning, construction and utility rate negotiations. He served on the Board of Directors of IDEA and is a Past Chair of IDEA and a Global Climate Award Winner in 2009. Juan holds a B.S. and an M.S. in mechanical engineering and is a Licensed Professional Engineer in Texas.

Birger Lauersen, Manager International Affairs, Danske Fjernvarme

Birger Lauersen has been with the Danish District Heating Association since 1994, dealing with energy taxation, regulation, heat purchase contracts and a host other matters. From 1998 work has focused primarily on international affairs. Mr. Lauersen has been a board member of the European district heating organization Euroheat & Power since 1998, chairman of its Energy Policy Group 2002 to 2010. In 2008, he was elected vice-president of Euroheat & Power, and served as president in 2010.

Ulrika Jardfeldt, CEO, Swedish District Heating Association

For the past three years, Ulrika has been the Managing Director of the Swedish District Heating Association. Prior, she spent four years working for the government on energy and climate policies, and was a Swedish delegate for climate negotiations at the IPCC conferences. Ulrika Jardfeldt holds a Master of Science in Aquatic and Environmental Engineering.

 

Gala Dinner Remarks

Frédéric Hug, President, Euroheat & Power

Frédéric Hug was elected President of Euroheat & Power (EHP) – the European Association of District Heating and Cooling in April 2012. He previously served as vice president of since June 2010. After 9 years with Exxon’s French subsidiary, he joined Elyo (now Cofely, part of GDF SUEZ Energy Services), a French leading energy efficiency services company, in 1988. He acted successively as Energy Supply Department Manager, Energy Division Manager, and head of the Research & Development Department. He is now serving as Environment and Energy Efficiency Director at GDF SUEZ Energy Services, which responsibilities include Sustainable Development. Frédéric Hug chairs the MEDEF (French Business organization) Energy Efficiency workgroup and sits on the board of several French and European professional organizations. 

Patti Wilson, Chair, International District Energy Association (IDEA)

Signature Address -

"Sustainable Infrastructure for More Resilient Cities"

Kai-Uwe Bergmann, Partner + Director of Business Development, Bjarke Ingels Group (BIG)

Kai-Uwe Bergmann is a Partner at BIG who brings his expertise to proposals around the globe, including work in Europe, Asia, the Middle East and the United States. Kai-Uwe heads up BIG’s business development which currently has the office working in over 10 different countries. In addition to these duties, Kai-Uwe is also Head of Communications. 

Registered as an architect in the USA, UK and Denmark, Kai-Uwe is also a LEED AP certified architect who was Project Manager upon Central Asia’s first Carbon Neutral Master Plan - Zira Island in Baku, Azerbaijan. In addition to his experience with BIG, KaiUwe Bergmann was previously a Project Architect at the Austrian office of Baumschlager & Eberle where he was involved on their work for the UN AIDS Research Administration Building in Geneva and a residence in Diepoldsau, Switzerland.

IEA Keynote Address

Didier Houssin, Director of Sustainable Energy Policy and Technology, International Energy Agency 

Didier Houssin became Director of Sustainable Energy Policy and Technology at the International Energy Agency on 1 December 2012. Previously, he served for five years as Director of Energy Markets and Security. Before joining the International Energy Agency, Mr. Houssin, a French national, was Managing Director of BRGM, the French Geological Survey. Prior to joining BRGM, Mr. Houssin was the former Director of Energy and Mineral Resources in the French Ministry of Economy between 1997 and 2004. He also held several positions in the industry (Total) the French Ministry of Industry dealing with financial and European affairs. Mr. Houssin graduated from the Ecole Nationale d'Administration and has a Masters in International Law. He also has Degrees in Philosophy from Université de Paris 1 - La Sorbonne and in Political Science from the Institut d'Etudes Politiques de Paris.